This is the first of six 40 meters tall cone-shaped canopies named “Sun Valleys” that are being built in Shanghai for the 2010 World Expo.
The “Sun Valleys” will be distributed along the Expo Axis, a multi-story 1 km long and 110 meters wide promenade providing commercial, catering, entertainment, and exhibition services for the millions of visitors expected to attend the forthcoming event.
(Source: People's Daily Online)
This covered pedestrian walkway will be the main entrance to the Expo site and will connect with four major pavilions through the elevated platform and underground passages. With its nearly 250,000 square meters, it is the largest structure being built for the venue.
(Source: People's Daily Online)
Above the Expo Axis the giant light membrane roof will look like, as the organizers promis, “white clouds floating in the blue sky”.
The steel and plastic “Sun Valleys”, as the name suggest, will convey daylight and air into the underground level in order to reduce the energy consumed by the artificial lighting. Further, they will collect rainwater that could be recycled for irrigation and flushing purposes.
Each of these complex structures is made of approximaely 10,000 joins, all which are unique.
A fascinating documentary about the Munich Olympic stadium designed by Günther Behnisch and Frei Otto and built for the 1972 games.
It illustrates clearly the entire process of the planning and construction of the innovative acrylic glass canopy mounted on stainles steel cable net, that covers the main stadium and big part of the Olympic Village (Olympiapark).
Situated in northenrn Munich, it is regarded as one of the world’s most remarkable stadiums ever built (stands easily the competition with much recent and notable facilities) and an extraordinary civil engineering achievement for its time. Interestingly the form finding and structural analysis of the cable net was done using principally scaled physical models (numerical programmes came in only later).
Worth watching! (it’s not necessary to understand German…)
A new façade refurbishment designed by Heatherwick Studio to conceal the existing boiler house located next to the main entrance of the Guy’s and Saint Thomas’ Hospital in London. An old building commonly regarded as gloomy and unwelcoming.
The new skin consists of 108 almost identical hyperbolic paraboloid panels covered with a woven stainless steel mesh.
The result is a distinctive and uplifting building with a dynamic undulating surface – a radical transformation with one simple gesture.
This futuristic set, nicknamed “The Claw”, is the tallest stage ever built for a rock concert, and it took almost three years to realize. Bono christened it the “U2 Space Station”.
Some might notice a slight incongruity between U2’s environmental/humanitarian activity and this extravaganza… but who cares, it looks great.
The elliptical 436,5m² stage was placed in the center of the arena, avoiding the conventional end-stage stadium show, in order to guarantee a better view to anyone in the crowd. This solution leaves the band free to move in any direction and maintain a greater intimacy with the surrounding audience, despite the scale of the show.
(Credit: jas_gd on Flickr)
Willie Williams the show director got the inspiration for the supporting structure from the 1961 LAX theme restaurant in L.A. Airport (USA) by architect James Langenheim / Pereira + Luckman, he imagined a similar structure, with the legs spanning clear across the full width of a football field so that both band and audience stood beneath the structure, with the entire production equipment (sound, lights and video screen) hanging above the band. The conventional supporting towers would obstruct sightlines from a large number of seats. The structure is 30m high and spans 57.5m. The tip of the central pylon reaches 51.8m. All together it weights 190 tonnes.
LAX theme restaurant in L.A. Airport (1961) by architect James Langenheim / Pereira + Luckman (Source: www.you-are-here.com)
The spectacular giant cone-shaped video screen hanging beneath the structure in the void over the stage was designed with artist and engineer Chuck Hoberman. It is made of LED panels mounted on kinetic scissor mesh surface that expand and contracts changing the image density from 100% solid to almost 50% transparent. The video screen is made of 1,000,000 different pieces and weights 74 tonnes.
(Credit: Salomao Nunes on Flickr)
The tensile membrane cladding of the structure allows low packing volume and fast assembly and gives the entire project a strong identifiable expressiveness. The form-finding and detailing of the membrane was done by David Dexter Associates.
Three 4.8m diameter inverted umbrellas were placed below the stage and deployed whenever needed to keep the band and equipment dry. These umbrellas were originally invented by Frei Otto in 1971 for a garden exhibition in Germany.
(Credit: Talie on Flickr)
(Credit: Sam Judson on Flickr)
Touring such a massive structure is logistically very complex. Three sets of the metalwork were built so they could travel in parallel between the cities, each one taking four days to build and two days to take down, with one day in the middle for production load-in and one day for the show. Everything else, the video screen, lighting, sound, stage, etc. (176 tonnes) would be toured separately as universal production, to be loaded in during the 36 hours preceding the show. 201 trucks were needed to move the entire production – equipment, steel systems, barricade and generators.
The first show took place at Camp Nou in Barcelona, on 30 June 2009 in front of a crowd of 90,000 people.
I would like to draw your attention to this very interesting new blog about textile architecture and complex structures from my friends at QL Ingeniería – an engineering firm from Murcia, Spain. Check it out!
Although the motto chosen by the project’s creators – “Your Suite in Nature” – sounds somewhat anachronistic in the current global economic climate, and even if terms like “luxury”, “first class” and ” exclusive” have rather good-old-pre-recession-days resonance to them (not to say sarcastic), I have to admit that it is a pretty cool idea and an interesting interpretation of textile architecture.
Multiple award-winner Axel Enthoven designs new mobile holiday home
Opera offers freedom in nature with 100 percent luxury.
is not a tent, not a caravan and not a motor home. The new mobile holiday home designed by Axel Enthoven has been christened Opera for its striking shape, reminiscent of the Sydney Opera House. The subtitle chosen is Your Suite in Nature to suggest the best of hotel rooms, but in the heart of nature in this case. The Opera allows you to stay in the most beautiful places, but with the luxury of a wine cabinet, warm-air heating, espresso bar and an enclosed teak veranda. This nomadic, contemporary living tent offers the quality of a luxury yacht combined with the outdoor feeling of camping under canvas. The Opera will be presented for the first time at the Design at Work trade fair in Kortrijk in December.
The finishing touches are currently being put to the first Operas, which are being made completely by hand in Geldrop in the Netherlands. Only first class materials like hardwood, stainless steel and leather are used in production. The dimensions of the Opera are magical. When it has opened and levelled itself by electric power – inside 5 minutes and without tent pegs, stabilizer jacks and loose tent poles – what you see is a residence measuring 7 metres long, more than 3 metres wide and 3.5 metres high with every conceivable luxury: two first class and electrically adjustable beds that become one with a single simple movement, hot and cold water, ceramic toilet, LED lighting and a mobile hob and barbecue, for example, for cooking outside. An exclusive, small number of Operas will go into production in 2010.
The mobile holiday home will be supplied with what is known as the Opera Guide, which presents a selection of exclusive sites with information about good restaurants and picturesque destinations in the surrounding area.